Blood pressure and all you want to know about it
Symptoms of high or low blood pressure are a common symptom that everyone experiences, as a person feels a sudden headache or dizziness that may come to faint, and during this article we will show you what is blood pressure, what are its common symptoms, the reasons for its occurrence, and how it can be diagnosed and treated.
In the beginning, you should know, dear reader, that blood pressure is a chronic disease in the event of infection, yet it can be easily coexisted with it when following the doctor’s instructions and some health instructions, and the pressure is divided into two types, namely:
- Systolic blood pressure: It is what occurs when the heart beats and blood is pumped through the arteries to all parts of the body.
- Diastolic blood pressure: It occurs when the heart muscle relaxes and pushes blood forcefully to the heart through the blood vessels.
In general, the definition of blood pressure is the push of blood to and from the heart through the blood vessels and arteries, and blood pressure depends on two main factors, namely:
- The volume of blood: the more blood the heart pumps, the more effort the heart needs to pump.
- The extent to which the arteries and blood vessels are open and flexible, as the more flexible the heart makes less effort.
Causes of an imbalance in blood pressure
The causes of blood pressure differ according to the state of blood pressure, whether it is low or high as follows:
Causes of low blood pressure
Mostly a person does not suffer from low blood pressure satisfactorily, but sometimes as a result of some chronic diseases, low blood pressure may also become a chronic disease. Examples of infection include the following:
- In cases of pregnancy, as a result of the body's need to increase the amount of blood to meet the needs of the body and the fetus.
- Bleeding that causes a large amount of blood to be lost.
- Having a heart disease or having a birth defect that affects blood circulation.
- The person suffers from a severe allergic type.
- The presence of endocrine problems that lead to diseases such as diabetes or thyroid diseases.
- Take certain medications, such as heart disease medications that contain beta blockers, nitroglycerin, and diuretics.
- Suffering from dehydration and anemia.
- Exercising physically without eating enough amounts of food.
Causes of high blood pressure
Mostly, there are no specific reasons that may lead to high blood pressure, however a person may be exposed to two types of reasons that may lead to high blood pressure:
Primary causes of high blood pressure
Taking some medications that affect the activity of the hormone responsible for blood volume and blood pressure.
Exposure to extreme stress or lack of exercise.
Abnormal blood plasma volume.
Exposure to extreme stress or lack of exercise.
Abnormal blood plasma volume.
Causes of secondary hypertension
It occurs when a person experiences complications as a result of a disease, as follows:
- Chronic kidney disease, where the kidneys are unable to process fluids normally, and it is the most common cause of high blood pressure.
- Having diabetes.
- Infection with one of the types of cancer called pheochromocytoma, which is a type that affects the adrenal gland.
- Taking medications that contain an active substance called a corticosteroid, which leads to Cushing's syndrome.
- The presence of a birth defect in the adrenal gland, which is responsible for the production of the hormone cortisol.
- Having trouble breathing or stopping during sleep.
Symptoms of high blood pressure
High blood pressure is a silent condition where a person does not show any symptoms that refer to it until after a period of time has passed after the disease has worsened, and before the patient notices one of these symptoms, it goes through several stages, namely:
The first stageDuring the first stage of hypertension, the diastolic pressure measurement ranges between 130 to 139 mm / Hg, while the systolic pressure measurement ranges between 80 and 89 mm / Hg when measuring pressure for several weeks in a row and in the event that high blood pressure continues after a month has passed, the doctor may advise By changing lifestyle and adopting some healthy habits.
The second phaseIt is a more dangerous stage where the diastolic blood pressure increases and reaches 140 or more, while the systolic pressure is 90 or more, and in this case the doctor will ask to take some medications such as:
Certain enzyme inhibitors that may cause blood vessels to harden.
Alpha blocker medications to relax blood vessels.
Beta-blocker medicines to reduce a fast heartbeat.
third levelIt is called hypertension crisis, and it is a dangerous stage in which the blood pressure measurement exceeds 120/180 mm / Hg and this measurement indicates the presence of a health problem that must be treated as this stage is accompanied by some symptoms, namely:
- Feeling dizzy and headache.
- Difficulty breathing with chest pain.
- Blurred vision.
- Notice blood in the urine.
- Nose bleeding.
- Feeling of lack of control of the muscles in the face or extremities, which is also a symptom of stroke.
Diagnose blood pressureSome people may ask is blood pressure 150 high? When will I know if my blood pressure is high or low and what is the normal range for my blood pressure? And many other questions that people ask to find out whether they are facing a problem with blood pressure or not, and to answer this question, the doctor must measure your pressure, and the following readings are the readings that help diagnose blood pressure:
|State of blood pressure||Systolic blood pressure (higher reading)||Diastolic blood pressure (reading below|
|Normal blood pressure||Of 120 or less||80 or less|
|hypertension||From 120 to 129||Above 80|
|High blood pressure (stage 1)||From 130 to 139||From 80 to 89|
|High blood pressure (stage 2)||Above 140||From 90 or higher|
|Low blood pressure||Less than 90||60 or less|
If high blood pressure persists, the doctor may order some tests to confirm the diagnosis, such as:
- Paul's test.
- Blood tests.
- Cholesterol test.
How to treat and prevent blood pressureAlthough the treatment of blood pressure may differ from one case to another based on the person’s health condition, age, medical history, and whether his blood pressure is low or high, the treatment method is as follows:
Low blood pressure treatmentThere are some methods that help control blood pressure, including the following:
- Slightly increase the salt in the diet to avoid excess sodium in the body.
- Increase your intake of water and fluids in general because they increase blood volume, which helps treat low blood pressure.
- Take some types of medications that help to raise pressure, such as fludrocortisone, but this must be done under the supervision of a doctor.
Treating high blood pressureThe high pressure patient often needs to follow up with the doctor in addition to following the following:
- Taking some types of medications that help reduce blood pressure, such as vasodilators, beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers, and other types that are prescribed by the doctor based on the patient's condition.
- Follow diets that contain less salt.
- Reaching a healthy weight, especially if the person is obese.
Important advice for patients with blood pressureThere are some useful tips for blood pressure patients, such as:
- Eat healthy foods like fruits, vegetables, fish, lean meats, and low-fat or fat-free dairy products.
- Exercise regularly, such as walking for 30 minutes, two to three days per week.
- Quit Smoking.
- Avoid exposure to excessive stress or stress.
- Monitor blood pressure constantly.